The Iowa (also spelled Ioway) tribe is a Native American people who traditionally lived in the Great Plains region of the United States. They were part of the larger Siouan language group, which also includes the Dakota, Ho-Chunk, and Omaha tribes.
The Iowa people were semi-nomadic, and their traditional economy was based on hunting, fishing, and farming. They had a complex social and political organization, with a hereditary chief system and a strong warrior tradition.
The Iowa first encountered European explorers in the late 17th century, when French traders and trappers began to enter their territory. The tribe had a mutually beneficial trade relationship with the French.
But as the United States began to expand westward in the 19th century, the Iowa came into conflict with American settlers. The tribe was forcibly removed from their ancestral lands and forced to relocate to reservations in Kansas and Oklahoma.
In the 20th century, the Iowa people have continued to struggle to preserve their culture and traditions. Many have since returned to their home state of Iowa, where they have re-established their tribe and regained some of their traditional lands.
Today, the Iowa Tribe of Kansas and Nebraska is the federally recognized tribe of Iowa people, with a population of around 1,200 enrolled tribal members.